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Tuesday, May 07, 2013

Vocabulary for Medical Field

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Vocabulary for Medical Field
Word
Meaning
abnormal
not normal for the human body
ache
pain that won't go away
acute
quick to become severe/bad
allergy noun
a body's abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances (eg causes a rash)
ambulance
emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital
amnesia
a condition that causes people to lose their memory
amputation
permanent removal of a limb
anaemia
occurs when the body doesn't have enough red blood cells
antibiotics
medication that kills bacteria and cures infections
anti-depressant
medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness
appointment
a scheduled meeting with a medical professional
arthritis
a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and crippled
asthma (attack)
a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe
bacteria
a disease-causing organism
bedsore
wounds that develop on a patient's body from lying in one place for too long
benign
not harmful (not cancerous)
biopsy
removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests
blood count
the amount of red and white blood cells a person has
blood donor
a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person
blood pressure
the rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low)
brace
a device that holds injured body parts in place
breech
position of an unborn baby in which the feet are down and the head is up
broken
a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury
bruise
injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin
Caesarean
procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman's lower abdomen
cancer
disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells
cast
a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place
chapel, chapeline
a place where loved ones can go to pray for a patient's recovery;
chemotherapy
type of treatment used on cancer patients
chickenpox
a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body
coroner
a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies
critical condition
requiring immediate and constant medical attention
crutches
objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk
cyst
a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid (sometimes diseased)
deaf
unable to hear
deficiency
a lack of something necessary for one's health
dehydrated
in need of water
dementia
loss of mental capacity
diabetes
type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency
diagnosis
medical explanation of an illness or condition
discomfort
experiencing pain
disease
a medical disorder that is harmful to a person's health
dislocated
when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint
emergency
a medical problem that needs immediate attention
ER (emergency room)
the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries
external
on the outside
family history
medical background of a person's family members
fatal
causing death
fever
higher than normal body temperature
flu (influenza)
many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus
fracture
broken or cracked bone
germ
a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease
genetic
a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family
growth
a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin
heart attack
instance in which blood stops pumping through the heart
HIV
the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS
hives
bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction
illness
general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time
immune system
the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses
immunization
an injection that protects against a specific disease
incision
cut in the body made during surgery
inconclusive
unclear
infant
young baby
infection noun
diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial)
inflamed
appearance (red and swollen) of an injured body part
injury
damage to the body
intensive care unit (ICU)
section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment
internal
under the skin, inside the organs
itchy
feeling discomfort on the skin's surface
IV
a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient's body
lab results
tests that come back from a laboratory and help doctors make a diagnosis
lab (laboratory)
place where samples of blood/urine etc. are taken for testing
life support
a machine that keeps patients alive by helping them breathe
life-threatening
when injuries and conditions are extremely serious
light-headed
feeling of dizziness and being off-balance, caused by lack of oxygen in the brain
malignant
expected to grow and get much worse (especially related to cancerous cells)
medical school
place where someone trains to be a doctor
newborn
an infant that is less than three months old
numb
no feeling in a certain body part
OR (operating room)
the place where major surgeries and operations take place
operation
a medical procedure that involves going inside a person's body in an attempt to fix a problem
pain
strong discomfort in certain areas of the body
pain killer, pain reliever
type of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury
paralyzed
unable to move certain areas of the body
patient
a person staying in a hospital or medical facility
pharmacist
a person who fills a doctor's prescription and gives people advice about medication
pharmacy, drugstore
a place where people go to buy medication and other medical supplies
physician
doctor
poison
a substance that is very dangerous if it enters the human body
prenatal
of the time period leading up to giving birth
prescription
the correct amount and type of medication needed to cure an illness or relieve symptoms
privacy
being alone; personal (eg test results)
radiation
high energy X-rays that destroy cancer cells
residency
 resident
part of a doctor's training that takes place in the hospital;
routine check-up
a doctor's appointment to check a person's general health
scrubs
plain uniform (usually green, white, or blue) worn by medical professionals
scrub up
carefully wash hands before and after seeing a patient
second opinion
input from a second doctor about an illness or symptom
seizure
sudden violent movements or unconsciousness caused by electrical signal malfunction in the brain
shock
body not getting enough blood flow
side effects
other symptoms that might occur as a result of a certain medication or procedure
sore
painful
spasm
the uncontrollable tightening of a muscle
specialist
a doctor that is an expert in a certain kind of medicine
sprain
an injury (less serious than a break) to a joint (ankle, wrist, knee etc)
stable condition
a patient is stable if their medical condition is no longer changing rapidly
sting
sharp, temporary pain
stress
worry that causes muscles to tighten and blood pressure to rise
swelling
ligaments (parts that hold the joints together) growing bigger and rounder after an injury to a joint
symptoms
pain or physical changes that occur because of an illness or disease
temperature
amount of heat measured in a body; higher than normal temperature
tender
painful when touched or used
test results
medical information that helps doctors understand a patient's condition or body
therapy
treatment aimed at improving a person's mental or physical condition
transplant
moving of an organ from one human to another
ultrasound
a test that examines the body's internal organs and processes using sound waves (often used during pregnancies)
umbilical cord
the lifeline from the mother to the fetus (when cut at birth this forms the belly button)
unconscious
alive, but appearing to be asleep and unaware of the surroundings
urine sample
a small amount of the body's liquid waste that is tested for different medical reasons
vein
the thin tubes that transport blood around the body and back to the heart
virus
a dangerous organism that causes the spread of minor and major diseases
visiting hours
time of day when friends and family are allowed to visit patients in hospital
vomit
discharge of a person stomach contents through the mouth
ward
a section of a hospital or health facility where patients stay
wheelchair
a chair on wheels used for transporting patients from place to place
wound
injury to body ("flesh wound" means not deep)
x-ray
a photograph of a person's bones and organs


 

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