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Thursday, May 09, 2013

Prefixes પૂર્વગ

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Prefixes પૂર્વગ
A prefix is a letter or group of letters that is placed at the beginning of a word to make a new word.
શબ્દની પહેલા લાગતા પ્રત્યયને પૂર્વગ કહે છે.
Prefix
Meaning
Example
a
not, without
atheist, anaemic

to, towards
aside, aback

of
anew

completely
abashed
ab
away
abstract



ad/a/ac, af/ag/al/an, ap/at/as/at
movement to, change into, addition
advance,adulterate,
adjunct,ascend,affiliate,affirm, aggravate,alleviate,annotate, apprehend, arrive, assemble, attend



ante
before, preceding
antecedent, ante-room



anti/ant
opposing, against
anti-aircraft, antibiotic, anticlimax, antarctic


EEGG
be
all over,
all around
bespatter, beset


completely
bewitch, bemuse

having, covered with
bejewelled

affect with
befog

cause to be
becalm


EEGG
com/co/col/con/cor
with, jointly, completely
combat, codriver, collude, confide, corrode



contra
against, opposite
contraceptive



counter
opposition,
counter-attack, counteract


EEGG
de
down, away
descend, despair, depend

completely
denude, denigrate

removal
de-ice, decamp



dia/di
through/across
diagonal



dis/di
negation, removal
disadvantage, dismount


EEGG
en/em
put into or on
engulf, enmesh

bring into the condition of
enlighten, embitter

intensification
entangle, enrage



ex/e/ef
out
exit, exclude, expand

upward
exalt, extol

completely
excruciate, exasperate

previous
ex-wife



extra
outside, beyond
extracurricular


EEGG
hemi
half
hemisphere



hyper
beyond, more than, more than normal
hypersonic, hyperactive



hypo
under
hypodermic, hypothermia



in/il/im/ir
not, without, in, into, towards, inside
infertile,inappropriate, impossible, influence, influx, imbibe



infra
below
infrared, infrastructure



inter
between, among
interact, interchange



intra
inside, within
intramural, intravenous


EEGG
non
absence, negation
non-smoker, non-alcoholic



ob/oc/of/op
blocking, against, concealing
obstruct, occult, offend, oppose



out
surpassing, exceeding
outperform

external, away from
outbuilding, outboard



over
excessively, completely
overconfident, overburdened, overjoyed

upper, outer, over, above
overcoat, overcast



peri
round, about
perimeter



post
after in time or order
postpone



pre
before in time, place, order or importance
pre-independence, precondition



pro
favouring, in support of
pro-Asian

acting for
proconsul

motion forwards or away
propulsion

before in time, place or, order
prologue


EEGG
re
again
renew, reassure



semi
half
semicircle



sub/suc/suf/sug/sup/sur/sus
at a lower position, lower in rank,  nearly, approximately
submarine, subsoil,  sub-lieutenant



syn
in union, acting together
synchronize, symmetry



trans
across, beyond
transnational, transatlantic

into a different state
translate



ultra
beyond
ultraviolet, ultrasonic

extreme
ultramicroscopic



un
not
unhappy, unmarried

reversal or cancellation of action or state
unplug, unmask



under
beneath, below
underarm, undercarriage

lower in rank
undersecretary

not enough
underdeveloped

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