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Wednesday, April 03, 2013

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Unseen Text

Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it:

(I)     Teaching may be considered to be a way of helping people to acquire knowledge of different things and there are innumerable subjects that are to be known. But the fundamental teaching that Swami Vivekanand believed in was that every soul is potentially perfect. Swamiji defined Education as the manifestation of perfection already in man. Every man is perfect but he is not aware of the perfection. What the teacher has to do is to make his pupil become aware of his inherent perfection. An ordinary teacher thinks of his pupils as boys whose minds are tabula rasa (blank slate) on which he has to write what he deems fit. He feels that his pupils are lumps of clay for him to model farms according to his liking. Swamiji says that every child has got innate perfection and it is for the teacher to pave the way for the child to manifest the innate perfection in him.
(1) How does Swamiji define Education?
(2) What does an ordinary teacher think to his pupils?
(3) What is the common notion of the teacher regarding his pupils?
(4) What, according to Swamiji, should teacher do for the child?
(5) Find out the similar words for the following words (1) countless (2) basic

(II)       In what does a man differ from beasts? How he is superior to them? In swiftness or ferocity the deer and the lion leave man behind. Sheep are more gentle, nightingales more melodious, tortoise longer-lived, bees more co-operative. The ants ran a state in a more organised way than the most organized state does. Man's distinction and his superiority lies in three things. The first of these things is reason. Aristotle is primarily a reasoning animal. He has a mind which can reflect, discover causes, find reasons, probe the secrets of nature, plan the future and meditate upon the purpose of life. Secondly man has a sense of right and wrong and therefore he can be judged morally. The sense of beauty is man's third distinctive quality.
(1) Name the three things in which man is superior to animals.
(2) Why do we not judge other animals morally?
(3) Name the animals which are superior to man in some ways.
(4) How, according to Aristotle, is a man reasoning animal?
(5) Find out the synonyms for: (1) quickness (2) animal.

(III)    From the time, he was a little boy, Lincoln had to help his father in the fields. Many a times, he was unable to go to school, yet he practised reading. Although he went to School for less than a year in all. He taught himself a great many things by reading all the books he could get hold of. There are some moving stories of the trouble he used to take to get books. Once he walked 20 miles just to borrow a book he wanted to read. Another time, he borrowed from a neighbour a biography of George Washington, but two nights later, the rain coming through the roof of his poor hut completely spoilt the book "Well, you can have the book for yourself if you make good its cost by working on my farm". The neighbour said. Although Lincoln had to do some hard jobs at the farm for a few days, he had the joy of having the book for himself.
(1) Why was Lincoln unable to go to school?
(2) How did Lincoln teach himself?
(3) How many miles did Lincoln walk to borrow a book?
(4) Which book did Lincoln borrow from his neighbour?
(5 Could Lincoln return the book to his neighbour? Why?

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