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Friday, March 22, 2013

Articles (ઉપપદો)


                                               Articles (ઉપપદો)

 ·          Indefinite Articles (અચોક્કસ ઉપપદો) :-
A or an is called the Indefinite Article because it is used for singular common noun as, a teacher (any teacher), an engineer (any engineer). A or an is not used for proper noun or in plural noun.

A:    ‘A’ is used before a word beginning with a consonant sound.
         જે શબ્દનો ઉચ્ચાર વ્યંજન થતો હોય તેની પહેલા ‘A’article વપરાય.
        E.g;  a book, a pen, a boy, a uniform, a university, a european, a one rupee note,
        a useful article.

An:  An’ is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound.
         જે શબ્દનો ઉચ્ચાર સ્વર થતો હોય તેની પહેલા ‘An’article વપરાય.
          E.g; an orange, an elephant, an honest boy, an hour, an M.B.B.S, an S.T. road

·          Definite Article (ચોક્કસ ઉપપદો) :-
The is used before singular and plural noun.

Uses of ‘The’ article:-
Before one and only Unique names:
the sun, the moon, the earth

Before a common noun that is used second time:
I met an old man. The old man wanted my help.
I saw an elephant. The elephant was white.

Before a singular noun that represents a whole class:
The cow is an useful animal.

Before a proper non that is used as adjective:
Kalidas is the Shakespeare in Sanskrit literature.

Before Mountains/Ocean/Sea/River/Canal/Lake/Jungle/Desert/Island/newspapers/magazines/holy books/trains/boat/universities/People of Country/State/

The Himalaya, The pacific, The Ganga, The Panama Canal,The Titanic, The Sahara, The Geer, The Times of India, The Oxford Uni., The Geeta, The Quran, The Bible, The Safari. The japanese

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