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Tuesday, January 01, 2013

Confused Words - Homonyms

                 Confused Words - Homonyms

ACCEPT-to receive ex: He accepts defeat well.
EXCEPT-to take or leave out ex: Please take all the books off the shelf
except for the red one. AFFECT-to influence ex: Lack of sleep affects the quality of
your work.
EFFECT-n., result, v., to accomplish ex: The subtle effect of the lighting made
the room look ominous.
ex: Can the university effect such a
change without disrupting classes?
A LOT (two words)-many.
ALOT (one word)-Not the correct form.
ALLUSION-an indirect reference ex:The professor made an allusion to
Virginia Woolf's work. ILLUSION-a false perception of reality ex: They saw a mirage: that is a type of
illusion one sees in the desert.
ALL READY-prepared ex: Dinner was all ready when the guests
ALREADY-by this time ex: The turkey was already burned when
the guests arrived. ALTOGETHER-entirely ex: Altogether, I thought that the
student's presentation was well planned.
ALL TOGETHER-gathered, with everything in one place
ex: We were all together at the family
reunion last spring.
APART-to be separated ex: The chain-link fence kept the angry
dogs apart. OR My old car fell apart before
we reached California.
A PART-to be joined with ex: The new course was a part of the new
field of study at the university. OR A part
of this plan involves getting started at
ASCENT- climb ex: The plane's ascent made my ears pop.
ASSENT-agreement ex: The martian assented to undergo
BREATH-noun, air inhaled or exhaled ex: You could see his breath in the cold
BREATHE-verb, to inhale or exhale ex: If you don't breathe, then you are
CAPITAL-seat of government. Also financial resources.
ex: The capital of Virginia is Richmond.
ex: The firm had enough capital to build
the new plant.
CAPITOL-the actual building in which the legislative body meets
ex: The governor announced his
resignation in a speech given at the
capitol today.
CITE-to quote or document ex: I cited ten quotes from the same
author in my paper.
SIGHT-vision ex: The sight of the American flag arouses
different emotions in different parts of
the world.
SITE-position or place ex: The new office building was built on
the site of a cemetery. COMPLEMENT-noun, something that completes; verb, to complete
ex: A nice dry white wine complements a
seafood entree.
COMPLIMENT-noun, praise; verb, to praise ex: The professor complimented Betty on
her proper use of a comma.
CONSCIENCE-sense of right and wrong ex: The student's conscience kept him
from cheating on the exam.
CONSCIOUS-awake ex: I was conscious when the burglar
entered the house.
 COUNCIL-a group that consults or advises ex: The men and women on the council
voted in favor of an outdoor concert in
their town.
 COUNSEL-to advise ex: The parole officer counseled the
convict before he was released. ELICIT-to draw or bring out ex: The teacher elicited the correct
response from the student. ILLICIT-illegal ex: The Columbian drug lord was arrested
for his illicit activities.
 EMINENT-famous, respected ex: The eminent podiatrist won the
Physician of the Year award. IMMANENT-inherent or intrinsic ex: The meaning of the poem was
immanent, and not easily recognized.
IMMINENT-ready to take place ex: A fight between my sister and me is
imminent from the moment I enter my
ITS-of or belonging to it ex: The baby will scream as soon as its
mother walks out of the room. IT'S-contraction for it is ex: It's a beautiful day in the
 LEAD-noun, a type of metal ex: Is that pipe made of lead?
LED-verb, past tense of the verb "to lead" ex: She led the campers on an over-night
LIE-to lie down (a person or animal. hint: people can tell lies)
ex: I have a headache, so I'm going to lie
down for a while.
(also lying, lay, has/have lain--The dog has
lain in the shade all day; yesterday, the
dog lay there for twelve hours).
LAY-to lay an object down. ex: "Lay down that shotgun, Pappy!" The
sheriff demanded of the crazed
ex: The town lay at the foot of the
(also laying, laid, has/have laid--At that point, Pappy laid the shotgun on the
LOSE--verb, to misplace or not win ex: Mom glared at Mikey. "If you lose that
new lunchbox, don't even think of coming
LOOSE--adjective, to not be tight; verb (rarely used)--to release
ex: The burglar's pants were so loose that
he was sure to lose the race with the cop
chasing him.
ex: While awaiting trial, he was never set
loose from jail because no one would post his bail.
PASSED-verb, past tense of "to pass," to have moved
ex: The tornado passed through the city
quickly, but it caused great damage.
PAST-belonging to a former time or place ex: Who was the past president of
Microsquish Computers?
ex: Go past the fire station and turn right.
PRECEDE-to come before ex: Pre-writing precedes the rough draft
of good papers.
PROCEED-to go forward ex: He proceeded to pass back the failing
grades on the exam. PRINCIPAL-adjective, most important; noun, a person who has authority
ex: The principal ingredient in chocolate
chip cookies is chocolate chips.
ex: The principal of the school does the
announcements each morning.
PRINCIPLE-a general or fundamental truth ex: The study was based on the principle
of gravity. STATIONARY-standing still ex: The accident was my fault because I
ran into a stationary object.
STATIONERY-writing paper ex: My mother bought me stationery that
was on recycled paper. SUPPOSED TO-correct form for "to be obligated to" or "presumed to" NOT
"suppose to" SUPPOSE-to guess or make a conjecture ex: Do you suppose we will get to the
airport on time? When is our plane
supposed to arrive? We are supposed to
check our bags before we board, but I
suppose we could do that at the curb and
save time.
THAN-use with comparisons ex: I would rather go out to eat than eat
at the dining hall.
THEN-at that time, or next ex: I studied for my exam for seven hours,
and then I went to bed. THEIR-possessive form of they ex: Their house is at the end of the block.
THERE-indicates location (hint: think of "here and there")
ex: There goes my chance of winning the
lottery! THEY'RE-contraction for "they are" ex: They're in Europe for the summer--
THROUGH-by means of; finished; into or out of
ex: He plowed right through the other
team's defensive line.
THREW-past tense of throw ex: She threw away his love love letters.
THOROUGH-careful or complete ex: John thoroughly cleaned his room;
there was not even a speck of dust when
he finished.
THOUGH-however; nevertheless ex: He's really a sweetheart though he
looks tough on the outside.
THRU-abbreviated slang for through; not appropriate in standard writing
ex: We're thru for the day!
TO-toward ex: I went to the University of Richmond.
TOO-also, or excessively ex: He drank too many screwdrivers and
was unable to drive home. TWO-a number ex: Only two students did not turn in the

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